Sundarbans National Park - The Largest Tiger Reserve Park In India - West Bengal - India

Sunderbans National Park is located at South 24 Parganas, West Bengal India. In 1973 entire land of sundarbans national park was declared tiger reserve, in 1977 wildlife sanctuary and on fourth day of May 1984 as a national park and in 1987 a new lesson was added by UNESCO when they titled it as world heritage site.

Location: Piyali in West Bengal, India
Nearest Accessibility: Gosaba, about 50 Kms
Main Attractions: Bengal Tiger, Ridley Sea Turtle
Total Area: About 1330.10 Sq Kms
Best Time to Visit: September to May

Sundarbans National Park is located in World's largest Delta formed by the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghana. The Sundarbans Wildlife Sanctuary is the world's largest estuarine sanctuary. The Sundarbans is not only a National Park but also a tiger reserve, a World Heritage site and a Biosphere reserve. The name Sundarban has been derived from the Sundari trees that are found in abundance in the Sundarbans National Park.Waterways are the best way to explore the deep interior of the jungle if you want to get the real essence of the natural beauty of the Sundarbans National Park. Catch the glimpses of the countryside on the either side of the river. You may not see the whole area in one day so a night halt is a good option. Now enjoy motor launches halt at a dark place with strange sound all around. Do not scare and instead of romancing the dark night at Sunderbans.Wildlife flourishes in Sundarbans, and the main attraction is the Royal Bengal Tiger. These tigers have adapted themselves to surviving in Sundarbans and developed the ability to swim in the saline waters. It is the natural habitat of many other wild animals like jungle fowl, giant lizards, spotted deer, wild boar, crocodiles, etc.At present this adventurous land is home to 250 tigers and variety of chirping birds, reptiles and numerous invertebrate including crocodiles. If you wish to learn about the biodiversity of this area rather than seeing tigers only, then you are warm welcomed to the magical land of tiger worship.Rainfall is heavy and humidity high (80% on average) due to the proximity of the Bay of Bengal. The monsoon usually lasts from mid-June until mid-September, after which fair weather prevails until mid-March. Mean annual maximum and minimum temperatures recorded are 34°C and 20°C, respectively.Travelling to Sundarbans which is a place of incredible natural beauty and mangrove habitat, surely it will bring you close to the nature. Ample of things are there to make your trip memorable. Gliding crosswise the river in the boats takes you to the nature walk as you see varied cultural adventures and close encounter with the tigers has enough to make your eye-catching memories.

Entry Fee and Other Charges to Sundarbans National Park


  • Entrance Fee: INR 150/-
  • Boats Hire: INR 600/- for half a day and INR 1000/- for full day
  • Boat Permit: INR 50/-
  • Guide: INR 300/-
  • Camera: INR 20/-
  • Video camera: INR 300/-

Best Time To Visit Sundarbans National Park


The best season to visit the Sundarbans National Park is between December and February. Sundarbans National Park experiences very high humidity. Rainfall is quite heavy during monsoon, which last from mid-June to mid-September. The Landscape in the Sundarbans National Park. The area that makes up the Sunderban National Park is the largest estuarine mangrove forest in the world. After the monsoons, fair weather prevails until mid-March.The best time to visit Sunderban National Park is during winters between December and February. Although the Sunderban National Park is open for longer from September to March. This is the period when the maximum migratory birds are also present at Sunderban National Park.Winter make the time to see the mighty Royal Bengal Tiger sun-bathing on the river banks.

Wildlife at The Sundarbans National Park


The Sundarbans forest is home to more than 400 tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers have developed a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters, and are famous for their man-eating tendencies. Tigers can be seen on the river banks sunbathing between November and February.The main attractions of the Sunderbans are the Tiger, of which the delta harbor large reptiles like the Monitor Lizard, Estuarine Crocodile and the Olive Ridley Turtle, for which there is a conservation programme in the Indian park. The Leopard, Indian Rhinoceros, Javan Rhinoceros, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer and Water Buffalo have all become locally extinct from the delta in recent decades. Tourists come here not only to enjoy gorgeous sceneries but also to enjoy the wildlife constituted by 55 species of reptiles, 250 species of birds and 58 species of mammals. The only way to traverse the park is by availing a boat. Jeep safaris are not allowed here. No one is even allowed to get down on the river bank.

Flora and Fauna at The Sundarbans National Park


The Sundarbans National Park has a wide variety of plant life too. Inside the Sundarbans National Park there are mangrove scrub, salt water mixed forest, littoral forest, brackish water forest and swamp forest. The large floral population in Sundarbans National Park includes trees like Dhundal, Genwa, Garjan, Passur and Kankara. Besides the above-mentioned trees, the tall and wide Goran trees cover a large part of the Sundarbans.The Gangetic dolphin, little porpoise, fishing cat, Indian fox, jungle cat, small Indian civet, common grey mongoose, spotted deer, wild pig, Indian flying fox, rhesus monkey and pangolin are some of the residents here. The Sundarbans National Park forest is home to more than 400 tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers have adapted themselves very well to the saline and aqua surroundings and are extremely good swimmers.There are crocodiles, which can be often seen along the mud banks. Sundarbans national park is also noted for its conservation of the Ridley Sea Turtle.

Tourist Attractions Near Sundarbans National Park


Waterways are the best way to explore the deep interior of the jungle if you want to get the real essence of the natural beauty of the Sundarbans National Park. Catch the glimpses of the countryside on the either side of the river.There are also some popular places to enjoy near Sundarbans National Park Like,
  • Sajnekhali: The Place is best known for the bird Sanctuary.
  • Bhagbatpur Crocodile Project: A crocodile breeding farm in the Bhagbatpur area.
  • Piyali Island: Piyali is being developed as a tourist complex and is located 72 kms from Kolkata.
  • Lothian Island Bird Sanctuary: Located in South 24 Parganas district in West Bengal.
  • Hiran Point: Located in the southern point if Sundarbans and Khulna district.
  • Halliday Island: Located at the south zone of the Sundarbans area.
  • Tin Kona Island: Another popular hotspot for espying wildlife in the Sundarbans zone.
Also you can enjoy at Godkhali Port, Koikhali, Namkhana, Canning.

Shopping Near Sundarbans National Park


Near Sundarbans National Park no many option for shopping. There are some wild organic item for shop like Local Handicraft, Honey and Organic Brown Rice.

Restaurants Near Sundarbans National Park


The options for restaurants and joints are limited. There are many restaurants offering delicious vegetarian and non-vegetarian cuisine. you can eat Fresh Sea Fish, Prawn, Lobster, Dry Fish Curry, Cottage Cheese, Pan Cake, Rice Pudding (Bengali dessert),Local sweet curd. Sagar Kanya Hotel, Hotel Apanjan Sunderbans and Sunderban Tiger Resort are very near places for eat some delicious food.

Hotels Near Sundarbans National Park


Forest lodges and forest rest houses are available for accommodation at Sajnekhali. Other than that some more readily options of lodges and resorts at Sundarbans are available to complete the wildlife journey in a more erotic way. There are a number of hotels, wildlife resorts, forest lodges and jungle camps within and outside the Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary. Here is the list of some best hotels to stay at Sundarbans National Park.

Sundreban Tiger Camp
5.0 km from Sundarban National Park

United 21 Resort Sunderbans
7.0 km from Sundarban National Park

Banani Resort Sunderbans
9.0 km from Sundarban National Park

Prakrity Village Resort
15.0 km from Sundarban National Park

How to Reach Sundarbans National Park


By Air

The nearest airport to Sundarbans National Park is Kolkata International Airport (Netaji Subhash Chandra Airport), at a distance of 140 km.Mejor flights are connected from all worlds.

By Rail

Closest Railway Station to Sundarbans National Park is Canning at a distance of 29 km. Local trains regularly ply between Canning and Sealdah (South) and take an hour and a half.

By Road

Major nearby cities include Godkhali Port (82 km), Koikhali (83 km), Namkhana (117 km), Canning (45 km).From Port Canning, regular buses go to Sonakhali, Raidighi, Najat and Namkhana, from all of which launches can be hired to tour the waterways of the reserve.

Google Map For Sundarbans National Park


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